Monthly Archives: September 2010

An interesting article about positive psychology in the light of Indian traditions. Courtesy of PsyInsight and Dr. Salagame. K. Kiran Kumar (Professor of Psychology, University of Mysore).

The emergence of positive psychology in the United States and elsewhere in the world heralds a new era in our discipline. While the themes dealt with are not new, the emphasis on studying the positive in human nature seem to be timely and is catching up very fast. The focus on the study of character strengths, virtues, happiness, well-being, wisdom, and so on goes well with Indian ethos because Indian traditions have all along reiterated these aspects. ‘Positive psychology and Indian psychology are birds of the same feather’ (Salagame, 2006), because the focus of both is achieving well-being. The difference lies however, in how good life and well-being are ultimately conceptualized. I will attempt to highlight crucial differences and similarities between the two.

First, the affirmation of a spiritual dimension to human existence for thousands of years in the Indian soil has shifted the search for ultimate happiness within rather than without, thereby rendering the pursuit of happiness in material-social world secondary. The sense of happiness and well-being is considered as intrinsic to human nature rather than being contingent on external sources. This perspective has provided a framework to evaluate the relative significance of all the different sources of happiness and well-being contemporarily studied such as money, relationships, biological and psychological needs, religion, etc. This is illustrated through many stories and folk tales and the one which is often highlighted is the dialogue between Nachiketa the boy and Yama the lord of death, in Upanishads. While the latter offers all the tantalizing sources of pleasure and happiness the former sticks to his request to reveal the secret of death, which in other words is what ensures a person lasting happiness and well-being.

Another well known example is related to the exponential understanding of ultimate happiness “Brahmananda” in terms of the multiples of “mānushānanda” in Taittiriya Upanishad. Mānushānanda, human happiness, is described in terms of the best of the best in wealth, youthfulness, strength, beauty, character and what not. This is one mānushānanda. The Upanishads describes the different levels of ānanda with respect to mānushānanda, in multiples of hundred.

One hundred times of this is ānanda of the departed souls who are believed to exist in the nether world. The ancient seers and sages set the limits of happiness from mānushānanda to Brahmananda and differentiated kinds of happiness, most of which are not considered today.

A host of characters come to our mind beginning with ancient Rishis, Kings like Janaka and Rama, Seeta, Krishna, Bheeshama, Dharmaraya, Draupadi, Karna, Dhruva, Satya Harishchandra, Teerthankaras, Buddha, Bodhisattvas, Acharyas, and many others who represent these themes. There were good numbers of people in ancient, historical, and modern times for whom these persons served as role models to emulate and live a noble life. They have been inspiring many more even to this day. That is why discourses on Ramayana, Bhagavata, Mahabharata, Upanishads, Bhagavdeeta, Dhammapada, and sacred texts of other traditions are popular even to this day all over India.

If we ponder reflectively about our culture we realize that our ancient and modern seers and sages be they Vedic and Upanishadic rishis, or Jaina munis or Buddha bhikshus , all emphasized on developing those characters and virtues which make a human being a perfect being. In general Indian traditions focused on elevating human beings from his (her) animal nature towards divine/spiritual nature. While ancient thinkers recognized that man shares with animals such needs as āhāra (food), nidrā (sleep), bhaya ( fear or need for security), and maithuna (sex) he/she also has divine/spiritual potentialities within, which needs to be brought out. They strove to develop such potentialities in themselves and tried to facilitate the development in fellow beings. In this sense each tradition of India be it Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism or Sikkhism, may be considered as a system of positive psychology.
For the purpose of discussion we may distinguish all sources of Indian traditions into two categories viz., (a) those which emphasized on Self-realization or Ātma sākshātkāra; and (b) those which emphasized on developing virtues and characters. In the first category we can place Upanishads and systems of Vedānta. In the second category we can place epics like Rāmāyana and Mahābhārata and Jaina and Bouddha teachings. Though Jaina and Bouddha teachings also laid emphasis on ultimate realization, the path to perfection according to these traditions is through cultivation of virtues. Keeping this distinction in view it may be profitable to study all the sources related to second category to develop concepts relevant for positive psychology.

The Indian idea of Self-realization or Ātma sākshātkāra is a step beyond contemporary concerns of positive psychology. The idea of positive and negative represent opposites and Indian tradition, particularly Upansihadic emphasized on transcending all dualities to reach an ultimate awareness, which is beyond all dualities of life. Krishan urges Arjuna to go beyond all gunas (nistraigunyobhavārjuna). From the point of view of Sāmkhya-Yoga and of Vedānta as well, human nature and behavior is as much determined by the three guna viz., sattva. rajas, and tamas as the phenomenal universe. As long as one is operating with the limitations of guna one is bound to take sides and is in the realm of dualities. From this position, even the development of character strengths or virtues is also a matter of developing more sattva guna, as against rajo guna and tamo guna. Thus from the Indian point of view, development of positive psychology within the western tradition is a movement towards the emphasis on sattva, from its focus on rajas and tamas (Salagame, 2002).

All the noble thoughts that we find in Indian traditions represent sāttvic qualities and our culture and traditions emphasize on developing them. However, in reality over the past several centuries what we find is a decline in the amount of sattva in Indian psyche. From a psychologist’s point of view, Indian scenario provides a paradox of sorts. On the one hand, our cultural heritage emphasizes on sattva and sāttvic qualities. But the behavior of people around is more tāmasic and rājasic. Hence, we lack living role models who help to develop sāttvic qualities. Their number is dwindling. In this juncture the responsibility of psychologists in India who care to disseminate the message of positive psychology is twofold. One is to highlight and study the Indian sources of positive psychology. The other is to extend this to real life and facilitate the development of virtues and strengths amongst the Indian populace. Theory and practice need to go together. This is the urgent need of our country. Our efforts need to be focused on these twin programs.

Strengths: which one is yours?

September 22, 2010

1. Wisdom and Knowledge
2. Courage
3. Humanity
4. Justice
5. Temperance
6. Transcendence

Dynamic spread of happiness in a large social network: longitudinal analysis over 20 years in the Framingham Heart Study” by James H Fowler, associate professor, Nicholas A Christakis, professor had as objectives “To evaluate whether happiness can spread from person to person and whether niches of happiness form within social networks”. The abstract also says “Clusters of happy and unhappy people are visible in the network, and the relationship between people’s happiness extends up to three degrees of separation (for example, to the friends of one’s friends’ friends). People whoare surrounded by many happy people and thosewho are central in the network are more likely to become happy in the future. Longitudinal statistical models suggest that clusters of happiness result from the spread of happiness and not just a tendency for people to associate with similar individuals. A friend who lives within a mile (about 1.6 km)andwhobecomeshappy increases the probability that a person is happy by 25% (95% confidence interval 1% to 57%). Similar effects are seen in coresident spouses (8%, 0.2% to 16%), siblings who live within a mile (14%, 1% to 28%), and next door neighbours (34%, 7% to 70%). Effects are not seen between coworkers. The effect decays with time and with geographical separation. Conclusions People’s happiness depends on the happiness of others with whom they are connected. This provides further justification for seeing happiness, like health, as a collective phenomenon”.

Full paper is available on http://christakis.med.harvard.edu/pdf/publications/articles/095.pdf More information about their book “Connected” is available on http://connectedthebook.com

The pursuit of happiness

September 21, 2010

The pursuit of happiness is a misleading phrase: if you pursue happiness, you’ll never find it and surely end up somewhere else.

We happily share updates from SOCAP 10 newsletter. SOCAP is the largest interdisciplinary gathering of individuals and institutions at the intersection of money and meaning. Impact Investors, social entrepreneurs, funders, and other innovators come to SOCAP to build a movement. SOCAP 10 will seek to answer the question ‘What’s Next?’ for the social capital markets. Participants can dive into one of seven tracks to see where the money is moving, how deals are getting done and who is pushing boundaries across the landscape.

Here, we see further information about two tracks available at this conference: Innovation in International Development and Metrics and Systems Thinking.

Exploring the Future: Innovation in 21st Century International Development
The world is changing rapidly. A culture of innovation is a necessity to deal with the global challenges we are facing. In this dynamic session, we will collectively explore the future of international development, and look at how the innovation lessons we have learned in the realm of business can be most fruitfully applied to some of the world’s deepest challenges

Where the Action Is: The Fastest Growing Industries & Markets
Consider the following three facts: (1) the 50 fastest growing economies in the world are all developing countries, (2) 48 of the world’s 50 fastest growing cities are in those developing countries, and (3) the world’s fastest growing markets for automobiles, textiles, computers, internet services, mobile phones and consumer goods are all in developing countries. In other words, these developing countries are fast becoming prominent at both the supply and demand ends of the economic chain. We will take a closer look at these market and industries, about what gaps still persist, and what opportunities this creates for entrepreneurs.

It Takes a Village: Innovation From the Ground Up
Join us for an exploration of innovation in action. Be part of an ongoing whole systems design charrette focused on the rebuilding of Haiti with some organizations who are leading the way in improving the lives of people at the village level. Their collective focus spans leadership development, housing, agriculture, energy, sanitation, water, information technology and economic development.

Taking It to the Next Level: Designing to Scale
When designing innovative programs, it’s important to think about how to develop the initial pilot as well as how to take it to scale once its success has been proven. In this session, IDEO, Living Goods, and Mercy Corps will share how they developed and ran prototypes, and how they took the lessons they learned to scale the programs to new geographies.

Investing for Peace: Deploying Capital in Conflict Zones & Fragile States
Each year billions of dollars are invested in post-conflict areas to rebuild shattered infrastructure and deliver essential services. Increasingly, there is a realization that local entrepreneurs have a major role to play in both rebuilding their countries and creating the innovations that could stop conflict and violence erupting. Yet, the challenges can seem insurmountable. How can truly “risk capital” make an impact? What are the opportunities for a return and where is this already working? Join us for a discussion on cutting-edge innovation and impact investment in some of the most difficult but opportunity rich markets on the planet.

The Biosphere Economy: Investing in Natural Assets for Human Security
Ecosystem degradation and loss of biodiversity are some of the most serious threats of the 21st century. In this session we will be exploring innovative investment mechanisms showing how capital can be directed in a way that promotes large scale ecological restoration, increases biodiversity, and creates meaningful jobs for local communities.

Innovation in International Development Speakers Preview
Adeeb Mahmud, FSG
Anna Elliot, Bamyan Media
Dan Crisafulli, Skoll Foundation
Dave Ferguson, USAID
David Hodgson, The Idea Hive
David Lehr, Kenan-Flagler Business School, University of North Carolina
David Rothschild, Skoll Foundation
Doug Hammond, Haiti Onward
Eric Berkowitz, Bamboo Finance
Janell Kapoor, Kleiwerks
Jason Scott, EKO Asset Management
Jennifer Biringer, SustainAbility
Jocelyn Wyatt, IDEO
Joe Speicher, Living Goods
Johanna MacTaggart, Biosphere Network
Kevin Braithwaite, RootSpace
Kit Cody, Rwanda Ventures
Lisa Carpenter, Gap
Lisa Monzon, Packard Foundation Fisheries Program
Paul Van Zyl, Peace Ventures
Ryan Falvey, Shorebank International
Sanjay Khanna, Resilient People
Shashi Buluswar, Dalberg
Steve Lee, AIDG
Stuart Davidson, Labrador Finance
Susan Burns, Global Footprint Network
Tim Chambers, Oxfam
Uma Viswanathan, Nouvelle Vie Haiti

Metrics and Systems Thinking Sessions Preview
World Business Council for Sustainable Development’s PATHWAY TO VISION 2050
World Business Council for Sustainable Development recently released the work of a 29 member taskforce that created a vision of what the world could look like in 2050 and more importantly, 350 milestones decade-by-decade needed to be on track for a Sustainable 2050. Bob Ewing, Director, Timberlands Strategic Planning for Weyerhaeuser Forest Products, who was one of the 29 company strategists on the taskforce, will discuss the task force and how his company is moving forward as a result of this long-range thinking. Bob Horn, Stanford University, was a synthesizer for the project. He created a 4×14 foot pathway info-mural (that will be on display at SOCAP10). He will introduce the role of the mural and its implications for future strategic work in which business, NGOs, and academia must play a role.

How Does the Impact Investing Industry Think About Metrics & Impact?
Over the past few years, organizations investing in small and growing businesses have decided to use common tools to measure their impact. In this session, you’ll hear about the evolution of the development of tools such as Pulse, GIIRS and IRIS, and how they work together to help organizations gain insight into their investments.

Scalable Solutions and What That Means for Metrics
Join Kevin Starr of Mulago Foundation to try to address both the characteristics of (and how to predict) solutions that go to scale and what that says about metrics. This session will include short work-throughs with organizations represented in the audience.

Formalizing Educational Strategies that Leverage Design
While technological advances have driven innovation in nearly every discipline and domain, the space of education seems to have lagged behind. Foundational learning is continually criticized as “one size fits all”, while the cost of post-secondary education has spiraled out of control. Students demand a new paradigm for learning and a new culturally sensitive set of skills suitable for tackling emerging social problems, yet our schools and colleges are struggling to deliver. This session brings together individuals who are instrumental in shaping new and alternative models for education, in order to explore the future of education from a series of unique perspectives. The goals of the session are to: Illustrate new approaches to design in higher education, and highlight the thought-leaders in this space; foster a productive dialogue around higher education that explicitly emphasizes a trans-disciplinary approach to problem solving; and highlight and describe some of the largest opportunities in the education space, in a way that makes these opportunities clear for entrepreneurs, funding agencies, and policy makers.

Failfaire
Failure is success if we learn from it. -Malcolm S. Forbes. At SOCAP’s first FAILFaire, moderated by design strategy firm Catapult Design, all attendees are invited to present in an open forum personal or organizational failures that led to greater understanding or later successes. Whether it be a failed initiative, a failed business relationship, or a failure in implementation, we will provide a safe venue for discussion, insight, and lessons learned. The objective of the 90-minute session: to learn from the mistakes of others, and perhaps contribute to someone else’s success in the process.
Radical Social Innovation Workshop with WeCreate
Why don’t we see many radical or disruptive innovations like Google or the iPhone in the social space? Nick Jankel (www.radicalreinvention.org / www.wecreate.cc) and Ryan Fix (PUREPROJECTS.ORG) will lead a rich and open discussion on what a radical social innovation looks like, the characteristics they show and the many cultural, financial and psychological barriers in the social economy that prevent us from cracking the really hard, endemic social problems and disappearing them forever. Come join an animated conversation that cuts to the heart of things and looks to build a new consensus, and new collaborative partnerships, to cultivate radical and transformative social innovation.

Learning for Social Impact – for Social Entrepreneurs
McKinsey & Co’s Learning for Social Impact initiative has identified 5 best practices for measuring social impact. Explore whether these best practices resonate with social entrepreneurs. Do Impact First and Finance First social entrepreneurs see social impact the same way? Do they measure it the same way? This interactive session features 2 social entrepreneurs, one investor and one thought leader. All session participants have a chance to contribute their views and help answer these questions.

Metrics and Systems Thinking Speakers Preview

Beth Richardson, B Corp
Bob Ewing, Weyerhauser Forest Products
Bob Horn, Stanford University
Cathy Clark, CASE
Dennis Littky, Big Picture
Erica Estrada, Hasso Plattner Institue of Design at Stanford
Gina Rodolico, E&Co
Heather Fleming, Catapult Design
Jon Kolko, frog design & Austin Center for Design
Kelly McCarthy, WRI
Kevin Starr, Mulago Foundation
Laura Callanan, McKinsey
Lindsey Anderson (moderator), ANDE
Mariana Amatullo, The Art Center
Morgan Springer, Catapult Design
Nick Jankel, WeCreate
Patrice Martin, IDEO
Paul Rice, Transfair
Penelope Douglas, PCV Ventures
Ryan Fix, Pure Project
Sarah Gelfand, GIIN
Scott Leonard, Indigenous Designs
Tyler Valiquette, Catapult Design

Bodhidharma

September 21, 2010

Bodhidharma is the most famous monk, easily recognizable in painting for his strong facial characteristics. He lived during the early 5th century and was the transmitter of Chán to China. There are two known biographues written by Bodhidharma’s contemporaries. Yáng Xuànzhī compiled The Record of the Buddhist Monasteries of Luoyang wrote “At that time there was a monk of the Western Region named Bodhidharma, a Persian Central Asian. He traveled from the wild borderlands to China. Seeing the golden disks reflecting in the sun, the rays of light illuminating the surface of the clouds, the jewel-bells on the stupa blowing in the wind, the echoes reverberating beyond the heavens, he sang its praises. He exclaimed: “Truly this is the work of spirits.” He said: “I am 150 years old, and I have passed through numerous countries. There is virtually no country I have not visited. Even the distant Buddha realms lack this.” He chanted homage and placed his palms together in salutation for days on end.”. The second account was written by Tánlín. Tánlín’s brief biography of the “Dharma Master” is found in his preface to the Two Entrances and Four Acts: “The Dharma Master was a South Indian of the Western Region. He was the third son of a great Indian king of the Pallava dynasty. His ambition lay in the Mahayana path, and so he put aside his white layman’s robe for the black robe of a monk. Lamenting the decline of the true teaching in the outlands, he subsequently crossed distant mountains and seas, traveling about propagating the teaching in Han and Wei.” Tánlín’s account was the first to mention that Bodhidharma attracted disciples, specifically mentioning Dàoyù and Huìkě.

These are two very different world-views. Instead of seeing them in terms of black and white, we can see what Happy Dad’s wisdom can do to open our eyes about happy living: people are constructive with us, if we are constructive with them. We can also see why Unhappy Dad is locked in a self-fulfilling prophecy: people withdrawn from us, if we withdraw from them. Of course, most of us, are oscillating among the twos.

Happy Dad Unhappy Dad
Happy Dad lives in an AmAre way. AmAre stands for being:

* AAware and Accepting

* MMotivated and Meditating

* A Active and Attentive

* RResilient and Respectful

* EEating properly and Exercising

In Italian, AmAre means “to love”; in English, interconnectedness: (I)Am (we) are.

Unhappy Dad has quite a confused life, and lives accordingly to:

* AAttached

* VVindicative

* EEgocentric

* RReluctant

* EExhausted and Exhausting

In Italian, Avere means “to have”, “to own”.

He knows the importance of being Aware: aware of context, aware of feelings, intentions. Aware of how we see things, our strengths, values and biases. Aware that, even if we can be almost everything we want to be, we have limited time and resources, so often we are better of by using our strenghts, leveraging them in new contexts.

Happy Dad cares about being Accepting. Through our awareness and actions, he gained the courage to change the things we can change, the serenity to accept the things we cannot change. And, especially, the wisdom to know the difference.

He is Attached. That is one of main reason why he is unhappy. He searches lasting happiness in short-lived external factors; that is like basing one’s main meals on snacks, or trying to repay a long-term mortgage using short-term credit card limits. Unhappy Dad is attached to things, because they seem easier “to control”, and also people, to validate his ego.

What he could do to improve, is to see things as meanings towards and end, and stop seeing material possessions as ends in themselves. Also, he can start caring and loving, keeping an eye on when what he does is about compassion and when it is about ego.

Happy Dad knows the importance of being Motivated and Meditating. Being motivated means we cultivate our motivation to live joyfully and be kind to all. Initially, we may decide to be kind because so people are kind to us; with our experiences, resulting in improved awareness, we understand it is good to be kind because we, as different as we are, all share the same aspiration and right to be happy. Being motivated means to have an intention to live happily, knowing happiness is lasting only when it is shared. When we pursue a specific goal in our daily life, being motivated means to know what we want to do, by leveraging our strengths and grow the energies necessary to move into Being Active. He is Vindicative, in an “eye for an eye” style; he thinks that, even if that would make the world blind, that is not his problem, because he didn’t “make the rules”. A struggling way to decline any responsibility.

He would become happier if he would learn it is not about forgetting what is a perceived as a “tort”, but about forgiving other human beings.

Happy Dad is Active, because only action bring tangible results; he knows that reading dozens of books about cars doesn’t make a person a Formula 1 racer, it all comes done to practising what one’s says.

He is Attentive, because we also need to be receptive of the feedback and reactions to what we do in any given context. Being active and being attentive are a self-reinforcing loop which brings positive results to us and to the people, beings and environment we listen to.

Unhappy Dad is Egocentric. Always trying to get the best for himself, he takes the roller-coster of the two different polarity of egocentrism: protagonism and victimism. Of course, considering that he looks only after himself, other people will often reciprocate with similar behaviour, making it a self-reinforcing way to loneliness.

He would become happier by starting to care for other people, creating a reciprocal web of caring and compassion.

Happy Dad is Resilient. He knows very well that life is not always a big smiling adventure, he knows external situations can be tough. He also knows how to bounce back on his feet.

He is also Respectful, because resilience is about persistance and not growing a hard-skin. Respectful of himself,  other people (who are, too, trying to be happy, who may just behave in ways we consider strange just because they do not feel well), beings and environment.

He is Reluctant to do anything which doesn’t pay him a short-term dividend.

Instead, he could start being open to do ethical things, because we are all on the same boat, and, regardless of short-term results which may be a rollercoaster, in the long term we receive what we have given.

Happy Dad knows the importance of Eating properly, in terms of quality, quantity and company. He knows  that, to keep healthy, he needs Exercising, which doesn’t have to be at the gym; every opportunity is good to keep fit. For example, instead of getting in and out of the car just to cover a few blocks, he knows he can walk. Unhappy Dad is Exhausted and Exhausting. He doesn’t know when to stop, and pushes others in the same way.

He could start appreciating the power of re-charging. It is enjoyable, plus makes performances better. We all need to unplug, at our own pace.

Happy Dad is not concerned about being perfect. He focuses on being honest, fair and taking care of his family. From his chemistry classes, he knows that nothing is lost, nothing is created, everything is transformed; he is aware of change, and embraces it. He knows that the “pursuit of happiness” is a misleading phrase: if you pursue happiness, you’ll never find it and surely end up somewhere else. Happiness is about living happily, starting from here and now. You can do it, too; the only question is: will you do it? And the answer is almost entirely up to you. External factors can be deeply influenced by us, but almost never fully determined; the freedom we always have is the one to decide what to do, in the context where we are here and now; to decide what we want to change, what we want to embrace.

Mulberry, especially under the name mulberry zuccarin which is used by New Nordic to label its version, is getting more and more popular as a way to facilitate healthy blood sugar levels. Mulberry, also known as Morus, is a genus of flowering plants in the family Moraceae. The 10–16 species of deciduous trees it contains are commonly known as Mulberries. They are native to warm temperate and subtropical regions of Asia, Africa, Europe, and the Americas, with the majority of the species native to Asia.

The closely related genus Broussonetia is also commonly known as mulberry, notably the Paper Mulberry, Broussonetia papyrifera. Mulberries are swift-growing when young, but soon become slow-growing and rarely exceed 10–15 m (33–49 ft) tall. The leaves are alternately arranged, simple, often lobed, more often lobed on juvenile shoots than on mature trees, and serrated on the margin.

What are the health advantages of making Mulberry Leaf part of our Diet? According to http://www.raysahelian.com/mulberry.html “The mulberry plant has been highly regarded in traditional Chinese and Japanese medicine. It may possess blood sugar lowering effects in animal studies. Preliminary human studies have confirmed its benefits in both preventing and treating type 2 diabetes. In vitro studies suggest that extracts of black, green, and mulberry tea leaves could interfere with carbohydrate absorption via their ability to inhibit {alpha}-amylase, {alpha}-glucosidase, and sodium-glucose transporters. Mulberry tea or mulberry extract may be a healthy addition to one’s diet when used occasionally. More studies are needed to determine the long term benefit and side effects of mulberry extract supplements. Mulberry leaf has a substance called moranoline (1-deoxynojirimycin) that inhibits an enzyme in the intestinal tract (alpha-glucosidase) involved in the digestion of carbohydrates. Moranoline holds back complex carbohydrates, starches, maltose and sucrose from breaking down into glucose. Anthocyanins contribute to the red or dark purple color of mulberry fruits. Anthocyanins provide antioxidant activity, cardiovascular protection, antiviral activity as health benefits. Mulberries are also a source of resveratrol, which functions as an antioxidant”.

This is confirmed by various sources, including Robyn Ellis: “Mulberry and mulberry leaf extract are natural medicines used for hundreds of years in traditional medical practices. The ancient Chinese Materia Medica claims that mulberry has a heathful effects on the liver, and new studies reveal that regular use of mulberry leaf may help prevent or control Type 2 diabetes by suppressing insulin absorption. The Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry published findings that mulberry leaf extract may help prevent some forms of diabetes by suppressing insulin production when taken regularly and in conjunction with other healthful practices. Integrative medical practitioner Dr. Andrew Weil suggests taking a dosage of 1 gram before a meal, as well as eating magnesium-rich foods like leafy green vegetables and sunflower seeds, and omega-3 fatty acids, which are found in fish and fish oil and also available as a supplement. These recommendations have not been evaluated by the FDA”. Robyn Ellis also says that “Type 2 diabetes can be controlled (or prevented) with a healthy diet, exercise, and–in some cases–oral medication. Adding mulberry leaf to your diet may help the body process insulin”.

Please, note also that most researchers agree that, at this stage, there is no definitive evidence about Mulberry affecting sugar cravings, or being and aid in weight loss. Still, there are reports from individuals, especially in Norway, who successfully used Mulberry to control their weight. As usual, before taking any decision, speak with your doctor.

Peace recipe – International Peace Day 2010 is our small contribution for the International Peace Day 2010. It builds on other booklets we released so far. It shows that living peacefully is the way to Peace. If you want to read our Peace recipe, click here to download it for free

Before and after (or, if you are really in a hurry, instead of) reading Chapter One, please think about this:

– is peace about attitudes, and also the results of such attitudes? Why is peace often seen, mistankely, as a place to reach?

– how do we start living peacefully? By understanding who/what really counts in life? Understanding that, often, the more things we own, the more things own us, and that the struggle to get more in our daily life is not helping at all World Peace?

– when we look at the context where we are here and now, what about thinking in terms of degrees of appropriateness, instead of only right or wrong? Why to see only in black and white, when we can enjoy a full spectrum of colors in between?

Before and after (or, if you are really in a hurry, instead of) reading Chapter Two, please think about this:

– which external factors facilitate peace?

– which external factors make peace more difficult?

– which external factors are neutral, peace-wise?

– it is often said that “repetition makes perfect”. In reality, it is more about “repetition makes behavior lasting”. What do we want to make lasting, in order to live in peace?

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