Linji is famous for his then unconvential awakening. His methods included shouting and striking, most often using the fly-whisk that was considered a symbol of a Chán master’s authority: “The Master saw a monk coming and held his fly whisk straight up. The monk made a low bow, whereupon the Master struck him a blow. The Master saw another monk coming and again held his fly whisk straight up. The monk paid no attention, whereupon the Master struck him a blow as well.”
With its ups and downs, and breakage within the school of adherents claiming direct lineage (from this or that master) to start a new movement, Chan spread to Korea, thanks to Korean practitioners like Kim Kiaokak (630–729) and Beomnang (632-646), who went to China.