Researchers reported that just 11 hours of learning integrative body-mind training (IBMT) induces positive structural changes in brain connectivity by boosting efficiency in a part of the brain that helps a person regulate behavior in accordance with their goals, IBMT has been the focus of intense scrutiny by a team of Chinese researchers led by Yi-Yuan Tang of Dalian University of Technology in collaboration with University of Oregon psychologist Michael I. Posner.
The new research — published online the week of Aug. 16-21 ahead of regular publication in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences — involved 45 UO students (28 males and 17 females); 22 subjects received IBMT while 23 participants were in a control group that received the same amount of relaxation training. The experiments involved the use of brain-imaging equipment in the UO’s Robert and Beverly Lewis Center for Neuroimaging.
IBMT was adapted from traditional Chinese medicine by Dr. Yi-Yuan Tang, founding director of the Institute of Neuroinformatics and Laboratory of Body and Mind since 2001, Integrative Body-Mind Training is a specific meditation and relaxation technique based on the Taoist and Confucian concepts of harmony with nature. Unlike other mind-body disciplines which often take years to produce the desired physiological and psychological changes, IBMT can be learned through training, deep meditation and stress reduction in just five days. It is now being taught to undergraduates involved in research on the method at the University of Oregon.
As mentioned on http://www.yi-yuan.net/english/tyy.asp :
Dr. Tang was born in China and started eastern traditional practice and training when he was very young and learned different body-mind method and techniques from more than 20 teachers. He has been working at the universities for 21 years since he got the first faculty position at Dalian Medical University in 1987. He has been a full Professor of Neuroinformatics and Neuroscience, and the founding director of the Institute of Neuroinformatics and Laboratory of Body and Mind since 2001. He is also the adjunct professor at the Center for Social & Organizational Behavior, Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, the Key Laboratory for Mental Health, the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the PLA General Hospital (301 Hospital), Beijing, China. Dr. Tang is currently visiting professor working with Prof. Michael Posner applying meditation training attention and self-regulation at the University of Oregon, USA.
Dr. Tang has been internationally known in the use of functional MRI to examine brain connectivity in cognitive task and found cultures shape math processing in the brain (Tang et al, PNAS, 2006). Based on the results from many adults and children ranging from 4 to 90 years old in China, Dr. Tang developed Integrative Body-Mind Training (IBMT) in the 1990’s and its effects studied in China since 1995. His recent results indicated that IBMT is an easy, effective way for improvement in self-regulation in cognition, emotion and social behavior (Tang et al, PNAS, 2007). IBMT improves attention and self-regulation by changing the interaction between the central (brain) and the autonomic (body) systems as indexed by ACC theta power and high frequency HRV coorelation (Tang et al, PNAS, 2009).
Full report available on: http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2010-08/uoo-imf081110.php
Co-authors with Tang and Posner on the new PNAS paper were Qilin Lu of the Dalian University of Technology and Xiujuan Geng, Elliot A. Stein and Yihong Yang, all of the National Institute on Drug Abuse-Intramural Research Program in Baltimore, Md. The James S. Bower Foundation based in Santa Barbara, Calif., John Templeton Foundation in West Conshohocken, PA, National Natural Science Foundation of China and U.S. National Institute on Drug Abuse-Intramural Research Program supported the research.
Co-authors with Tang and Posner on the new PNAS paper were Qilin Lu of the Dalian University of Technology and Xiujuan Geng, Elliot A. Stein and Yihong Yang, all of the National Institute on Drug Abuse-Intramural Research Program in Baltimore, Md.
The research was supported by The James S. Bower Foundation based in Santa Barbara, Calif., John Templeton Foundation in West Conshohocken, PA, National Natural Science Foundation of China and U.S. National Institute on Drug Abuse-Intramural Research Program. The University of Oregon is a world-class teaching and research institution and Oregon’s flagship public university. The UO is a member of the Association of American Universities (AAU), an organization made up of the 63 leading public and private research institutions in the United States and Canada. The UO is one of only two AAU members in the Pacific Northwest.
Sources: Yi-Yuan Tang, professor of neuroinformatics (Dalian University of Technology, China) and visiting scholar (University of Oregon), email@example.com; and Michael I. Posner, UO professor emeritus of psychology, 541-346-4939 begin_of_the_skype_highlighting 541-346-4939 end_of_the_skype_highlighting, firstname.lastname@example.org
Posner Web page: http://www.neuro.uoregon.edu/ionmain/htdocs/faculty/posner.html
Yi-Yuan Tang site on IBMT: http://www.yi-yuan.net/english/tyy.asp
Dalian University of Technology (English version): http://www.dlut.edu.cn/en/
National Institute on Drug Abuse-Intramural Research Program: http://irp.drugabuse.gov/
James S. Bower Foundation: http://www.jsbowerfoundation.org/
John Templeton Foundation: http://www.templeton.org/